In this post, we explain the importance of an ergonomic workstation for people who are working long hours on a computer. We cover the components of such a workstation and why they can improve health and productivity. For example, we can avoid back, neck, and wrist problems, improve typing speed, and work longer without discomfort.
Keywords: Ergonomic, Workstation, Furniture, Hardware
Table and Chair
Negative health aspects of sitting have received more attention in recent years. It can result in problems such as lower back and neck pain and decreased blood circulation. The right choice of furniture can help you to minimize these negative aspects by improving posture when sitting. For example, Salli, a Finnish company that manufactures ergonomic furniture, produces saddle chairs, Salli SwingFit, and height-adjustable tables, Salli Office, which improve the sitting posture. As the name suggests, the saddle chair mimics how one would sit in a saddle on horseback, which enhances the position of the lower back.
The right monitor type is also essential for the ergonomic workstation. The monitor should be height-adjustable, tiltable, and rotateable. The monitor should support an adequate color spectrum for your work and have settings for eye-friendliness, such as a lower blue-light setting and refresh rate. Height-adjustability allows for a better neck position. Additionally, we can turn rotatable monitors into vertical monitors for displaying large text files. For example, my setup includes two 24" BenQ Zowie monitors, which have these properties.
The keyboard is an essential part of an ergonomic workstation. The right keyboard will reduce unnecessary shoulder stress and significantly increase typing speed and convenience. An example of such a keyboard is the Kinesis Advantage 2 ergonomic keyboard. This keyboard separates the keys into two groups, one for the left and one for the right hand, with space in the middle. This grouping allows the hands to be in a more natural position in the keyboard, which reduces unnecessary stress from the shoulders. The keyboard has a 3-dimensional layout, which makes the key more reachable, thus more comfortable and fasters to type using all ten fingers. The keys use the Cherry MX brown switches, which require just the right amount of force for pleasant, fast typing.
To practice touch typing with an ergonomic keyboard, we will need a typing tutor software. For example, I used GNU typist to learn to type with the Kinesis Advantage keyboard. It took me around four days to get to a comfortable skill level such that typing was smooth again.
The computer should be quiet and powerful enough to support your work without lag. A noisy machine can be extremely irritating and have a substantial negative impact on productivity. It’s a good strategy to choose quiet computer parts with suitable performance. When it comes to the operating system, Linux based distributions, such as Ubuntu, are the programmers choice.
Here are some considerations about the workroom itself.
Avoid strong overhead lighting. Additional artificial lights can cause extra fatigue and reduce productivity.
The workroom should have a window. We can open it for fresh air. Also, Natural light is better than artificial light.