This blog post covers customizations that I have found useful for the overall feel and usage of the Unity desktop environment, the default on Ubuntu 16.04. We explain how to set up useful features such as workspaces, hiding the launcher, changing to a custom theme as well as modifying the date and time format of the clock and changing default user folder paths.
- Unity Tweak Tool
- Launcher and Dash
- Date and Time Format
- Default User Folders
Keywords: Ubuntu, Unity
Unity Tweak Tool
To start, we need to install Unity Tweak Tool, a settings manager for the Unity desktop.
sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool
We require the Unity Tweak Tool for changing settings that we can’t set using the default Ubuntu settings menu and would otherwise require the use of the command line.
Launcher and Dash
Unity launcher is the sidebar on the left side of the desktop. I recommend hiding the launcher to increase the usable screen size and reduce distraction. Auto-hide the launcher by navigating to
Unity Tweak Tool > Launcher and toggling on
Instead of having to click icons on the launcher, you should press the super key (windows key in most keyboards) to open the Dash and type the name of the program, select it, and press Enter. This method is faster and saves cognitive energy.
Workspaces are virtual desktops that can reduce clutter and make the desktop more comfortable to navigate. Workspaces can be enabled by navigating to
Unity Tweak Tool > Workspace Settings and toggling on the
workspace switcher. You can adjust the number of horizontal and vertical workspaces available to suit your needs.
Unity allows the use of custom themes. You should set up a theme that you find pleasant to look at when working on the computer.
I prefer darker themes over lighter themes. Darker themes reduce visual stress when working on the computer and look better than lighter ones. Following a suggestion in ask Ubuntu article Dark GTK theme for Ubuntu 16.04, I switched to a theme called Arc-theme. Install this theme using commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/themes sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install arc-theme
We can change the new theme by navigating to
Unity Tweak Tool > Theme and selecting
I use minimalistic dark wallpaper to match the Arc-dark theme. Right wallpaper makes your desktop look cool, and dark wallpapers reduce the amount of light emitted by the empty screen. The easiest way to set up a new wallpaper is to right-click it to select
Set as Wallpaper. Ubuntu saves Wallpapers to a directory at
Date and Time Format
The date and time format of the clock in the Ubuntu panel can be set to have a custom format. I use the form of
YYYY-MM-DD H:M. To configure the time format, you need first to install the dconf Editor.
sudo apt-get dconf-editor
After installation navigate to
dconf Editor > com > canonical > indicator > datetime. In this menu toggle
custom and set the value inside
custom-time-format to the format you want.
We have based these instructions on the article How to Customize Time & Date Format in Ubuntu Panel.
Default User Folders
Anyone with a computer setup with a separate SSD disk and mass storage might want to change the paths of their default user folders such as
Videos to the mass storage location to save space on the SSD. We can change these paths by modifying the configuration file located at
Open the file using a text editor of your choice, for example, Gedit.
Then replace the default path with the path of your custom location. Initially, I found these instructions from the article Change default user folders path.